Glossary of terms
- Alginate - a type of treatment based on a polysaccharide which is extracted from brown seaweed.
- Antacids - a type of treatment that is alkaline in nature and works by neutralising excess acid.
- Digestion - process of breaking down foods into small molecules for absorption.
- Gastro-oesophageal reflux - movement of the stomach contents back up into the oesophagus.
- Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) - condition caused by abnormal gastro-oesophageal reflux (also known as GERD - utilising the American spelling 'esophagus'). Symptoms include those of heartburn and regurgitation.
- Heartburn - burning pain caused by acid which normally sits within the protected lining of the stomach but escapes back up into the oesophagus (food pipe).
- Oesophagus - commonly known as the food pipe or gullet; a muscular tube approximately 25 cm long that extends from the back of the throat to the stomach. Food passes along the oesophagus aided by waves of peristalsis (muscle contractions).
- Reflux - movement of the stomach contents back up into the oesophagus.
- Reflux suppressant - a type of treatment that produces a physical barrier to help prevent the stomach contents moving back up into the oesophagus.
- Regurgitation - the bringing up of undigested food from the stomach to the mouth.
- Saliva - alkaline liquid secreted into the mouth
- Salivary glands - glands that produce saliva
- Sphincter - a ring of muscle, for example, at the entrance to the stomach.